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Currency Risk Coverage in Indian Credit Insurance: Exploring the Scope

Author: Team Finpage
Wednesday, August 09, 2023

In today's global economy, running a business involves risks, especially when you trade with customers worldwide. One major risk is when customers don't pay you back the money they owe. 

To help you avoid financial troubles, many businesses choose to have credit insurance. Let's get into credit insurance and the currency-related risks it covers in India.

What is Credit Insurance?

Credit insurance acts as a safety net for your business, protecting against financial losses when customers fail to fulfil their payment obligations. This credit security policy applies to local and international trade transactions, offering comprehensive coverage. 

A credit policy can safeguard your business from customer bankruptcy, inability to pay mortgage or delayed loan payments. It ensures you won't bear the burden of these losses, allowing you to focus on your business operations with greater peace of mind.

Currency-Related Risks Covered in India

Foreign Exchange Risk

Foreign exchange risk occurs when you're involved in transactions with different currencies, and the value of those currencies changes over time. This fluctuation can have an impact on your business. However, credit policy in India can help mitigate this risk. 

By having a credit policy, you won't suffer financial losses due to changes in exchange rates. If the value of the money you're dealing with fluctuates, the credit policy will compensate you, ensuring your business remains protected.

Convertibility Risk

Sometimes, you may encounter difficulties converting foreign money into local money or face challenges moving money across borders. This is known as convertibility risk. It can pose a problem for your business, but these policies can cover this risk. 

If you face issues with money conversion and cannot access the funds you're owed, the credit policy will step in and pay you back. This ensures your business is safeguarded from financial losses and can continue operating smoothly.

Transfer Risk

Transfer risk is closely related to convertibility risk. Government regulations or restrictions refer to the obstacles and limitations in transferring money from one country to another. These policies in India also offer protection against transfer risk. 

The credit policy will compensate you if you encounter difficulties transferring funds due to government rules, such as money controls or restrictions. A credit policy lets you confidently navigate cross-border transactions, knowing your financial interests are safeguarded.

Sovereign Risk

Sovereign risk arises when there is a possibility that foreign governments or government agencies may not fulfil their payment obligations to you. This risk can be significant, especially when dealing with international trade. However, these policies can cover the sovereign risk. 

If a government defaults on its payments or fails to fulfil its claims, the policy will compensate you. This ensures that your business won't suffer from non-payment by foreign governments, allowing you to maintain financial stability and continue your operations.

Country Risk

Country risk encompasses various economic, political, and social factors which may impact a country's ability to honour its financial commitments. 

These policies include coverage for country risk. If the buyer's country is experiencing economic or political difficulties that result in their inability to pay you, the policy will step in and protect your business. 

This coverage ensures you won't face financial losses due to adverse conditions in the buyer's country, providing peace of mind in your trade transactions.

Money Devaluation

Money devaluation occurs when the value of a country's money decreases relative to other currencies. This can harm your business, especially when dealing with that particular money. 

Credit policy shields you from losses resulting from money devaluation. If the funds you're transacting experience devaluation, the credit security policy will compensate you for the difference, ensuring your financial stability during uncertain times and minimizing the impact on your business.

Inconvertible Money

There are instances when money becomes impossible to convert due to political or economic reasons. This situation, known as inconvertible money, can pose significant challenges for businesses engaged in international trade. However, credit policy can cover losses arising from inconvertible currencies.

The credit security policy will compensate you if you cannot convert the money you're owed due to such circumstances. This protection ensures that you won't suffer financially from the inability to convert funds, allowing you to focus on your business operations confidently.

Counterparty Risk

Counterparty risk refers to the risk of the other party involved in a transaction not fulfilling their financial obligations. When dealing with foreign buyers or suppliers, this risk can arise in international trade. 

These policies in India can protect you from counterparty risk by providing coverage if the counterparty fails to make payments or defaults on its financial obligations. This ensures that your business is safeguarded against losses resulting from non-payment by the counterparty.

Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk is the risk of changes in interest rates affecting the cost of borrowing or the returns on investments. In international transactions, fluctuations in interest rates can impact the profitability of your business. 

These policies in India can cover interest rate risk by compensating for any financial losses incurred due to fluctuations in interest rates. This helps you manage the impact of interest rate changes and maintain financial stability.

Legal and Regulatory Risk

Legal and regulatory risk pertains to changes in laws, regulations, or legal frameworks that affect business operations, contracts, or payment obligations. These changes can create uncertainty and potentially impact financial transactions.

Credit policies in India can cover legal and regulatory risks, compensating you for losses incurred due to changes in laws or regulations that affect your business transactions. This coverage offers protection against unforeseen legal or regulatory developments.


Credit insurance is a powerful tool to protect your business from non-payment risks and financial losses. It covers money-related risks like exchange fluctuations, convertibility issues, transfer restrictions, sovereign defaults, country risks, money devaluation, and inconvertible currencies in India. 

Insurance lets you trade confidently, knowing your business is shielded from potential losses. Assess your needs and consult with insurers to find the right policy. Trade with confidence and protect your financial well-being in today's global market.

Team Finpage

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